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ISD kosh J

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Jāpa (Jaap)

Rosary. The Jain rosary only has three beads at the top for the triratna: right vision, knowledge and conduct, apart from the usual 108 beads of Hindu and Buddhist rosaries.



Rotating the jāpa.


Jambū Dwīpa (Jambu Dweep)

The central part of Madhyaloka of the Jain cosmo-geography, named after the Jambū tree, Eugenia jambulina



Spiritual Conqueror of the self – the desires and senses. 12th-gunasthāṇi who has acquired omniscience and two śukla dhyānas


Jina āgam or Jināgam

The literature directly given out by the Jinas thought their gaṇadharas and gave it out to masses of ācāryas. The same as dwadaśāṇga. Intentionally the dwadaśāṇga was destroyed (burnt) some 2 ½ thousand years ago by adverse element in the universities of Takśila (now in Pakistan) and Nalanda in North India


Jina caitya (chaitya) see Caitya


Jina dharma (Jindharm)



Jina dhwaja

Jain flag in six colors representing the six leśyas (thought colors).



The message a jina or spiritual conqueror is giving out for the betterment of mundane souls – for all living beings – including animals, plants etc., celestials and excepting hell beings; so this occurs only in the middle and in the upper part of the universe.




Life, soul, consciousness. Every living being is endowed with jīva, which is the ultimate cause of all form of consciousness. Matter itself, including and the materials to build various outer forms (both visible and invisible) in which the souls temporarily resides  is regarded by Jains as devoid of consciousness (ajīva).


Jñānācār (Gyaanaachaar etc.)

Conduct according to samyak jñāna (right knowledge) of the triratna. Samyak jñāna is one the three aspects of the triratna (right vision, right knowledge and right conduct).



The ‘Ocean of Wisdom on Meditation’ is an important Jain text in Sanskrit on various topics useful to the mendicant but focuses primarily on meditation its techniques and results. Another name for this text is Yogapradipadhikara, meaning, ‘the Book that Illuminates Meditation’; it also deals with ontology and other Jain teachings. (cf. Wikipedia)



Town nearby Girnar where Nemināth ran away from his marriage procession to take on a life of austerity. The direct reason was his disgust when he saw the animals destined to be slaughtered for his marriage.